Aerobeacon: A searchlight-type light originally designed for use at airports and adapted for use in a number of lighthouses.
Acetylene: A fuel used which began to be used in lighthouses after 1910. It was the first fuel to eliminate the need for a keeper to carry oil up the tower, since it could be stored on the ground and an automatic sun valve used to turn the light off at daybreak and on again at dusk.
Aid to Navigation: A buoy, beacon, lighthouse, lightship or any other structure or device installed, built or maintained for the purpose of assisting the navigation of vessels.
Alternating Light: A rhythmic light showing light of alternating colors.
Arc of Visibility: The portion of the horizon over which a lighted aid to navigation is visible from seaward.
Argand Lamp: A hollow single-wick oil lamp. The Argand lamp was named after Ami Argand, the Swiss inventor who developed the design.
Astragal: Metal bar (running vertically or diagonally) dividing the lantern room glass into sections.
ATON: An acronym for Aid To Navigation.
Automated: A lighthouse that has been changed to operate without the aid of a keeper. The light is controlled by a remote control, timers or light and fog detectors.
Beacon: A lighted or unlighted fixed aid to navigation.
Bell: A sound signal producing bell tones by means of a hammer actuated by electricity of fixed aids and by sea motion on buoys.
Breakwater: A fixed or floating structure that protects a shore area, harbor, anchorage, or basin by intercepting waves.
Bug Light: Usually a very small tower.
Bull’s-eye Lens: A convex lens used to concentrate (refract) light.
Caisson Style Tower: Lighthouse built on an iron caisson. A caisson was essentially a hollow tube made of heavy rolled-iron plates. The caissons were bolted together on land, transported into place, sunk and filled with sand, gravel, rock or cement. Some referred to them as coffee pot lights or bug lights. After the invention of the internal combustion engine they became known as spark plug lights.
Cast-iron Tower: Usually cylindrical in shape, these lights became popular in the 1840’s. Cast iron was stronger than stone and comparatively light. They could be manufactured miles away in a foundry, and transported to the sight for erection.
Catwalk: A narrow elevated walkway, allowing the keeper access to light towers built out in the water.
Characteristic: The audible, visual, or electronic signal displayed by an aid to navigation to assist in the identification of an aid to navigation. Characteristic refers to lights, sound signals, RACONS, radio beacons, and day beacons. This produces the individual flashing pattern of each light, which allows mariners to tell one lighthouse from another.
Chariot: The wheeled carriage at the bottom of a Fresnel lens assembly, which allowed the lens to rotate around a circular iron track atop the lens pedestal.
Clamshell Lens: Rather than being round as most lenses are the Clamshell, or Bivalve, lenses has a flattened shape reminiscent of a clamshell. They usually have two bull's-eyes, one on each side of the lens.
Clockwork Mechanism: The mechanism that turned the light in early lighthouses. They were made up of a series of gears, pulleys and weights, which had to be wound periodically by the keepers.
Commissioned: The action of placing a previously discontinued aid to navigation back in operation.
Composite Group Flashing Light: A group-flashing light in which the flashes combined in successive groups of different numbers of flashes.
Composite Group Occulting Light: A light similar to a group-occulting light except that the successive groups in a period have different numbers of eclipses.
Cottage Style Lighthouse: A lighthouse comprised of a small one story buildig with a light on top that housed the keeper(s).
Crib: A structure, usually of timbers, that was sunk in water through filling with stone, and served as the foundation for a concrete pier built atop it.
Daymark: The daytime identifier of an aid to navigation. The unique color scheme and/or pattern that identifies a specific lighthouse during daylight hours.
Decommissioned: A lighthouse that no longer functions as a navigational aid.
De-staffed: An automated lighthouse without a light-keeper.
Diaphone: A sound signal, which produces sound by means of a slotted piston moved back and forth by compressed air. A “two-tone” diaphone produces two sequential tones with the second tone of lower pitch.
Directional Light: A light illuminating a sector or very narrow angle and intended to mark a direction to be followed.
Eclipse: An interval of darkness between appearances of a light.
Emergency Light: A light of reduced intensity displayed by certain aids to navigation when the main light is extinguished.
Establish: To place an authorized aid to navigation in operation for the first time.
Extinguished: A lighted aid to navigation, which fails to show a light characteristic.
Fixed Light: A light showing continuously and steadily, as opposed to a rhythmic light. A steady, non-flashing beam. (Do not confuse “fixed” as used to differentiate from “floating”)
Flash Tube: An electronically controlled high-intensity discharge lamp with a very brief flash duration.
Flashing Light: A light in which the total duration of light in each period is clearly shorter than the total duration of darkness and in which the flashes of light are all of equal duration. (Commonly used for a single-flashing light, which exhibits only single flashes, which are repeated at regular intervals.)
Focal Plane: The narrow beam of light emitted from a Fresnel lens or modern optic. The distance from the water surface to the center of the beam is known as the height of the focal plane.
Fog Detector: An electronic device used to automatically determine conditions of visibility, which warrant the activation of a sound signal or additional light signals.
Fog Signal: Any type of audible device that could warn mariners from obstacles during period of heavy fog when the light could not be seen. Bells, whistles and horns, either manually or power operated were all used with varying degrees of success.
Fresnel Lens (Fray-nel): An optic array manufactured using the design principles of Augustin Fresnel, the French physicist who first established the design, and after whom the Fresnel Lens was named. A type of optic consisting of a convex lens and many prisms of glass, which focus and intensify the light through reflection and refraction
Fuel: A material that is burned to produce light (fuels used for lighthouses included wood, lard, whale oil, tallow, kerosene). Today, besides electricity and acetylene gas, solar power is also used.
Gallery: On a lighthouse tower, a platform or walkway or balcony located outside the watch room (main gallery) and/or lantern room (lantern gallery).
Geographic Range: The greatest distance the curvature of the earth permits an object of a given height to be seen from a particular height of eye without regard to luminous intensity or visibility conditions.
Gong: A wave actuated sound signal on buoys, which uses a group of saucer-shaped bells to produce different tones.
GPS: An electronic system for identifying position, GPS is an acronym for Global Positioning System. A GPS receiver triangulates satellite transmissions to calculate position on the Earth.
Group Flashing Light: A flashing light in which a group of flashes is regularly repeated.
Group-Occulting Light: An occulting light in which a group of eclipses, specified in number, is regularly repeated.
Harbor Light: A light to guide ships safely into a harbor. This is usually a small light at the end of a pier.
Horn: A sound signal, which uses electricity or compressed air to vibrate a disc diaphragm.
Incandescent Oil Vapor (IOV) Lamp: A type of lamp in which oil was forced into a vaporizing chamber, and then into a mantle. Similar to the Coleman lamps, used in camping today.
Inner (or rear) Range Light: The light in a pair of range lights that is situated behind the other as viewed from the water.
Interim Light-keeper: A light-keeper who served on a temporary basis, usually between the appointments of full-time light-keepers.
Interrupted Quick Light: A quick flashing light in which the rapid alternations are interrupted at regular intervals by eclipses of long duration.
Isophase Light: A rhythmic light in which all durations of light and darkness are equal. (Formerly called equal interval light.)
Keeper: The person who takes care of the light in the lighthouse. (The Head Keeper is responsible for the operation of the light station.)
Lamp: The lighting apparatus inside a lens.
Lamp and Reflector: A lamp and highly polished mirror used before the invention of the Fresnel lens and in some current electric lights.
Lantern: A glass enclosure at the top of the lighthouse tower, which housed the lighthouse lens.
Lens: Glass optical system used to concentrate the light in a desired direction.
Lewis Lamp:Invented by Winslow Lewis who patented the design in 1810 itsprimary advantage was that it used less than half the oil of the prior oil lamps. It added a a parabolic reflector behind the lamp and a magnifying lens made from 4-inch-diameter green bottle glass in front of the lamp, a design similar to an Argand lamp.
Light Sector: The arc over which a light is visible, described in degrees true, as observed from seaward towards the light. May be used to define distinctive color difference of two adjoining sectors, or an obscured sector.
Lighthouse: Enclosed tower with an enclosed lantern built by a governing authority as an aid to navigation.
Lighthouse Board: The nine member board appointed by the US Congress in 1852, established to manage the lighthouses throughout the United States.
Lightship: A ship, usually fitted with a light beacon on a tall mast that served as a lighthouse where it was not practical to build one.
Light Station: A complex containing the lighthouse tower and all of the outbuildings, i.e. the keeper’s living quarters, fuel storage building, boathouse, fog-signaling building, etc.
Light Tower: A tall structure used to elevate a light beacon so that mariners may see it at a distance.
Log: A book for maintaining records, similar to a diary.
Loran: An electronic system for identifying position, LORAN is an acronym for Long Range Radio Navigation. A LORAN receiver measures the difference in the arrival of signals from three or more transmitters to calculate its position.
Modern Optic: Term applied to a broad range of lightweight, weatherproof beacons used in modern devises.
Nautical Mile: A unit of distance used primarily at sea. The nautical mile is defined to be the average distance on the Earth’s surface represented by one minute of latitude. This may seem odd to landlubbers, but it makes good sense at sea, where there are no mile markers but latitude can be measured. A nautical mile equals about 1.1508 statute miles.
Navigation: Determining a path for travel over water.
Nominal Range: The maximum distance a light can be seen in clear weather (meteorological visibility of 10 nautical miles.) Listed for all lighted aids to navigation except range lights, directional lights, and private aids to navigation.
Occulting Light: A light in which the total duration of light in each period is longer than the total duration of darkness and in which the intervals of darkness (occultation’s) are all of equal duration. Occultations are created by partially blocking, or occulting, the light to make it appear to flash. Also called an eclipsing light.
Off Shore Tower: Monitored light stations built on exposed marine sites to replace lightships. Sometimes called Rock Lighthouses.
Off Station: A floating aid to navigation not on its assigned position.
Order: Size of the Fresnel lens, which determines the brightness and distance the light will travel.
Outer (or Front) Range Light: The light in a pair of range lights that is situated in front of the other as viewed from the water. This light was situated at a lower level than the inner range, to allow both lights to be seen, one above the other.
Parabolic Reflector: A bowl-like metal device shaped to the parabolic curve, silver-plated, reflector with a small oil lamp in the center.
Parapet: A walkway with railings, which encircled the lamp room.
Passing Light: A low intensity light which may be mounted on the structure of another light to enable the mariner to keep the latter light in sight when passing out of its beam during transit.
Period: The interval of time between the commencement of two identical successive cycles of the characteristic of the light or sound signal.
Pharologist: One who studies or is interested in lighthouses.
Pier: A structure extending into navigable waters for use as a landing place, or to protect or form a harbor.
Primary Aid To Navigation: An aid to navigation established for the purpose of making landfalls and coastwise passages from headland to headland.
Prism: A transparent piece of glass that refracts or disperses light.
Private Aid to Navigation: A navigation light that is privately owned and maintained. Sometime they are deactivated beacons that have been reactivated for historic purpose.
Quick Light: A light exhibiting very rapid regular alternations of light and darkness, normally 60 flashes per minute. (Formerly called quick flashing light.)
RACON: A radar beacon, which produces a coded response, or radar paint, when triggered by a radar signal.
Range Lights: Two lights associated to form a range, which often, but not necessarily, indicates a channel centerline. The front range light is the lower of the two, and nearer to the mariner using the range. The rear range light is higher and further from the mariner. When the ship is in the proper channel, the lights will be in alignment.
Red Sector: A portion of a light that is colored red so that a mariner sees a red light if he is approaching a dangerous obstacle.
Reflect: Return or throw back, light.
Refract: Bend or slant rays of light.
Revetment: A facing placed on a bank or bluff of stone to protect a slope, embankment, or shore structure against erosion by wave action or currents.
Revolving Light: One that produces a flash or characteristic due to the rotation of the Fresnel lens.
Rhythmic Light: A light showing intermittently with a regular periodicity.
Riprap: A loose arrangement of broken rocks or stone placed to help stem erosion.
Rock Lighthouse: A lighthouse surrounded by the sea.
Screw-pile Towers: Lighthouses built on poles that were “screwed” into the sea floor. They often supported a small wooden building with a tower and light on top.
Sector: The area of the sea covered by a sector light.
Service Room: Where fuel and other supplies were kept.
Shoal: A shallow area, such as a sandbar or rock formation.
Siren: A sound signal, which uses electricity or compressed air to actuate either a disc or a cup-shaped rotor.
Skeleton Tower: Towers consisting of four or more strongly braced legs often enclosing keeper’s quarters or work rooms and with a beacon on top. With their open design they offer little resistance to the wind and waves, and have withstood many storms. They are also used onshore where the land cannot sustain the weight of a masonry tower.
Solar-powered Optic: Many remote lights are powered today by batteries recharged by solar light.
Sound Signal: A device, which transmits sound, intended to provide information to mariners, during periods of restricted visibility and foul weather.
Spark Plug style light: A Caisson tower that looks somewhat like an automobile spark plug.
Spider Lamp: Shallow brass pan containing oil and several solid wicks.
Stag Light: A lighthouse tended to only by men (i.e. no families).
Tender: A vessel used in the servicing of lighthouses and buoys.
Tower: Structure supporting the lantern room of the lighthouse.
Twin Light: A few lights used to consist of two separate lights to distinguish them from nearby lights.
Ventilator: Round ‘ball’ at the top of most lighthouse towers to provide exhaust for heat of the lamp and air circulation within the tower.
Watch Room: A room, usually located immediately beneath the lantern room, outfitted with windows through which a lighthouse keeper could observe water conditions during storm periods.
Whistle: An air or wave actuated sound signal, which produces sound by emitting compressed air through a circumferential slot into a cylindrical bell chamber.
Wick Solid: A solid cord used in spider lamps that draws fuel up to the flame by capillary action.
Wickie: A nickname given to lighthouse keepers, derived from the task of trimming the wick of the lamps.
All lighthouses have a beacon (light) at the top. The beacon is houses in a room with large windows all the war around called a lantern room that is topped with a domed roof called a cupola. A spiral staircase (or sometimes a ladder) provides a way to climb to the top of the tower.What is a nickname for a lighthouse keeper? ›
Wickie: A nickname given to lighthouse keepers, derived from the task of trimming the wick of the lamps.What do you call someone who lives in a lighthouse? ›
United States Light House Service. USLHS. Most
Clean, paint, and repair all buildings on the light station when needed. Maintain all mechanical equipment at the light station. Maintain lighthouse log book and record all daily light station activities. Take weather readings every day and record in log book.What are the three parts of To the Lighthouse? ›
Breaking the Barrier: Women
The Charleston Lighthouse, also known as the Sullivan's Island Lighthouse in South Carolina is the brightest in the United States.How long do lighthouse keepers stay? ›
At most offshore lighthouses reliefs were carried out every two weeks, weather permitting. Each keeper in turn was relieved (replaced) by another keeper, so each individual keeper was on duty for six weeks, followed by two weeks off.
Eggers pointed out that actual
A salary of $130,000 and your own island is probably most people's idea of heaven, but life as East Brother Light Station's keepers is far from relaxing.
Noun. wickie (plural wickies) (job-specific jargon, dated) Lighthouse-keeper's assistant, whose responsibilities typically included the tending and trimming of wicks for the light.Are there any lighthouse keepers left? ›
In fact, with the exception of seasonal volunteers and educational guides, there are hardly any
Jillian Meeker: There is no access to WiFi out here, there is no television, which again, when I tell people about that who aren't on the island, they tend to ask, “Do you guys get bored, do you get super cut off,” and the answer is absolutely not. Before we came out here, we might have been a bit nervous about that.What are 2 types of lighthouses? ›
The major construction types for historic lighthouses are wooden, masonry, wave-swept, concrete, cast-iron plate, skeletal, straightpile, screwpile, crib, caisson, and Texas tower. Wooden tower: Most early wooden towers have burned and/or been replaced.What is the lighthouse theory? ›
A lighthouse sends a powerful beam of light which travels significant distances from the point of origin. This light constantly rotates in a circular motion around the lighthouse. This thought experiment proposes that light moving in this situation is actually traveling faster than the speed of light.What are the major themes of To the Lighthouse? ›
The novel explores themes of marriage, perception, memory and the passing of time. Woolf spent the first 13 summer holidays of her life with her family at Talland House, St Ives, Cornwall. On the 5 May 1895, her mother died; her half-sister followed in 1897, her father in 1904, and her brother in 1906.What is the pattern painted on a lighthouse called? ›
Lighthouses near to each other that are similar in shape are often painted in a unique pattern so they can easily be recognized during daylight, a marking known as a daymark.What's a cistern at a lighthouse? ›
Keepers often took advantage of rainfall by utilizing a cistern, a tank designed to collect rainwater and store it for use in cooking, bathing, and drinking. The interior of the cistern, with overflow pipe opening visible on the far wall, left. The Keepers' House at the St.
We found 1 solutions for Candle Used In A Lighthouse? . The most likely answer for the clue is WAXBEACON.What is the root word of lighthouse? ›
Lighthouse is a combination of the words 'light', from the Proto-Indo-European root 'leuk' meaning 'brightness', and 'house', from the Proto-Germanic 'husan' meaning 'dwelling'. As it refers to a structure built on rock near the sea used in ship navigation, the word lighthouse in English dates back to the 1620s.What does lighthouse mean in the Bible? ›
As symbols of Christianity, lighthouses have special meaning. They represent the guidance, refuge, and salvation that characterized the life of Christ and the meaning of the Easter season.How do lighthouse keepers get food? ›
You had to place orders from catalogs for things like books, clothes, and other daily items. Food was often grown in gardens and animals were kept to provide eggs, milk, and meat. Some lighthouses were on rocky shores and could not have gardens so they would have all their food delivered to them.When did lighthouses stop having keepers? ›
The process of lighthouse automation began in the late 1960s with the introduction of helicopter reliefs, but most lighthouses remained manned until the 1980s and 1990s.What skills do you need to be a lighthouse keeper? ›
Skills of a
You might communicate by email, radio systems or in person. Technical and computer literacy: Because much of the lighthouse functionality is automated, you likely need basic computer literacy and an understanding of the lighthouse mechanisms.
The oldest existing lighthouse in America is Sandy Hook, NJ (1764), which is still in operation. There were 12 lighthouses when we became a nation in 1776. The tallest lighthouse is Cape Hatteras, NC (196 ft. built in 1872).Which U.S. state has the most lighthouses? ›
With more than 115 lighthouses along the Great Lakes, Michigan boasts the most lighthouses of any U.S. state.What is the oldest lighthouse still in use today? ›
What does a lighthouse do at night? ›
Hook Lighthouse is claimed to be the oldest still-operational lighthouse in the world. This iconic and unique monument was constructed by the powerful medieval magnate William Marshall in the early thirteenth century, thought to be some time between 1210–1230.
Lighthouse keepers light the beacons every night so people at sea can spot the light and know they are close to shore. Lighthouses are often built on the shore next to dangerous obstacles, such as reefs or treacherous shoals, that could damage or destroy ships.
Many lighthouses have been converted into museums or hotels, and therefore still require a keeper or manager. But even in these cases, they rarely live in the lighthouse full-time, or at all. The Connexion reports that even at a lighthouse that is staffed year-round, the
Esquire notes that while the “sitting on the floor growling and licking up puddles of mud” line may sound figurative, it's actually what Pattinson did on the set to get into character. Pattinson also embraced his character's drinking habit. In the film, the two characters are often seen getting drunk on kerosene.Can lighthouses survive tsunamis? ›
Risk is the sum of danger and exposure – a Great Lakes lighthouse at water level may be in more danger of destruction by tidal wave than a seacoast light high on a promontory, but the risk is almost nil because exposure to tsunamis is vanishingly small in the inland seas.What light bulb is used in a lighthouse? ›
Many of the lighthouses have 1,000 watt bulbs, but today a 250 watts halogen bulb replaces a 1,000 watt tungsten bulb.Do lighthouse keepers make good money? ›
The salaries of
Is Lighthouse a good company to work for? Lighthouse has an overall rating of 4.2 out of 5, based on over 173 reviews left anonymously by employees. 84% of employees would recommend working at Lighthouse to a friend and 82% have a positive outlook for the business.Do boats still rely on lighthouses? ›
Though numerous lighthouses still serve seafarers, modern electronic aids to navigation play a larger role in maritime safety in the 21st century. Lighthouses and beacons are towers with bright lights and fog horns located at important or dangerous locations.What does Timberman mean? ›
/ ˈtɪm bər mən / PHONETIC RESPELLING. 💼 Post-College Level. noun, plural tim·ber·men. a person who prepares, erects, and maintains mine timbers.What does Fishkill meaning? ›
fishkill in American English
(ˈfɪʃˌkɪl) noun. the sudden destruction of large quantities of fish, as by pollution. Also: fish kill.
1. In widespread existence, practice, or use; increasingly prevalent. 2. Abundant or numerous. [Middle English, from Old English rȳfe.]
In The Lighthouse, Robert Pattinson plays a 19th-century lighthouse keeper who quickly takes to getting drunk on kerosene with his boss, a rowdy ex-sailor portrayed by Willem Dafoe.How many lighthouses are in the US? ›
Head Harbor Lightstation (East Quoddy) is at the north tip of Campobello Island.Do lighthouse keepers wear uniforms? ›
The keepers of lighthouses and depots wear uniforms of the same style, material and color as that described for the Masters of lightships, except that 110 braid is worn on the sleeves, different insignia are worn on the lapels, and the cap has a chin strap of black leather.What is a lighthouse keeper called? ›
A lighthouse keeper or lightkeeper is a person responsible for tending and caring for a lighthouse, particularly the light and lens in the days when oil lamps and clockwork mechanisms were used. Lighthouse keepers were sometimes referred to as "wickies" because of their job trimming the wicks.What is the most important job of a lighthouse keeper? ›
The most obvious part of the keeper's duties was to keep the light operating according to the daily schedule, which would vary from station to station, depending on geographic location, typical weather conditions, and other factors.Why are lighthouses red and white? ›
The red and white stripes help the mariner identify the lighthouse if the lighthouse is up against a white background, such as cliffs or rocks. The height of a lighthouse takes into account the curvature of the earth, so the higher light above MHW (mean high water), the further away it can be seen at sea.What are the key features of a lighthouse? ›
Key features of a lighthouse:
Lighthouses are located next to the sea or a lake. Lighthouses have tall towers. Lighthouses have a bright light at the top of the tower to help sailors see and stop them crashing into the shore. Lighthouses use fog horns or radio signals when the weather is bad.
Wooden towers were generally timber frame construction covered with sheathing and clapboards or shingles. All other lighthouse components such as door and window surrounds, cornices, deck railings, decking, doors and windows were also constructed of wood.How many sides do lighthouses have? ›
Lighthouse Structure and Appearance
Lighthouses can be square, round, conical, rectangular, and even octagonal (eight-sided).
The major construction types for historic lighthouses are wooden, masonry, wave-swept, concrete, cast-iron plate, skeletal, straightpile, screwpile, crib, caisson, and Texas tower. Wooden tower: Most early wooden towers have burned and/or been replaced.
This shape (and others) is called "a ruled surface." Through any point on the surface, it is possible to draw two straight lines that lie entirely within the surface. You can see a red triangle whose base in Keith's figure is below the bottom of the lighthouse.What do lighthouse colors mean? ›
The red and white stripes help the mariner identify the lighthouse if it's up against a white background, such as cliffs or rocks. The height of a lighthouse takes into account the curvature of the earth, so the higher light above MHW (mean high water), the further away it can be seen at sea.What information is most important passing a lighthouse? ›
In conclusion, when passing near a lighthouse, it is important to keep in mind the following information: avoid distractions, and be aware of your surroundings.How many beams does a lighthouse have? ›
People love watching the six beams of light emitted from the top of the
We found 1 solutions for Candle Used In A Lighthouse? . The most likely answer for the clue is WAXBEACON.How many lighthouses still have keepers? ›
Of the 200 active lighthouses still maintained by the Navigational Aid Center, 33 are staffed, as of March 2020.Which states have the most lighthouses? ›
With more than 115 lighthouses along the Great Lakes, Michigan boasts the most lighthouses of any U.S. state.What do lighthouse keepers eat? ›
Eggers pointed out that actual
The oldest existing lighthouse in the world is considered to be La Coruna in Spain that dates from ca. 20 B.C. A Roman lighthouse is located on the Cliffs of Dover in the UK that was constructed in 40 A.D. The first lighthouse in America was at Boston on Little Brewster Island (1716).How are lighthouses named? ›
Most lighthouses were named for their location, but several were named after ships that wrecked themselves nearby before a lighthouse was built. For example: Alligator Reefs, Pigeon Point, and Ship John Shoal.
Lighthouses are painted differently to help identification of them by the mariner during the day. For example, a lighthouse may be painted all white if its surroundings/background is dark, such as fields or woodland. This will help it stand out from its background.What are the 5 tallest lighthouses in the world? ›
- Jeddah Light. The Jeddah Light is the tallest lighthouse in the world, and is located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. ...
- Perry Memorial Monument. ...
- Bicentennial Lighthouse. ...
- Yokohama Marine Tower. ...
- Palacio Barolo.