Cornstarch is a pure starch powder that is extracted from corn kernels by removing their outer bran and germ, which subsequently leaves behind the starch-rich endosperm.
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Cornstarch does not have many health benefits unless you are underweight or a bodybuilder looking to pack on some pounds. In such situations, cornstarch can help a person increase their calorie intake significantly.
Another benefit is that cornstarch is gluten-free. However, there are also risks. It can slow down the conversion of carbohydrates, and high amounts may cause a spike in your blood glucose levels.
Eating starches can also increase a person’s risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. Cornstarch doesn’t contain the nutrients derived from eating whole corn, such as protein, fiber, vitamins, and minerals, which slows down the absorption of glucose.
Cornstarch is a common household ingredient that is used for a plethora of reasons in the kitchen. When starch is heated, it’s very good at absorbing water, giving cornstarch its primary purpose as a thickening agent for an array of different sauces, fillings, and gravies.
Whether you’re making a delicious pie filling, are aiming for a crispy crust when frying, or are trying to perfect a gravy recipe, we all know that thickening agents are an essential ingredient in making our favorite recipes more convenient.
But if you don’t have cornstarch to hand, you might be wondering what is a suitable substitute for cornstarch?
We’ve compiled a list of 9 suitable substitutes to try when you run out of cornstarch, so you don’t have to panic the next time that you run out.
Save yourself a trip to the store and check out our favorite substitutes for cornstarch below!
Wheat flour can easily be used as a substitute for cornstarch when you’re in a bind. Generally speaking, wheat flour is the most common flour used in baking, so you’re more than likely to have this alternative ready to use in your pantry or cupboard!
There are different types of wheat flour, and the different types are distinguished by the amount of gluten that they contain.
When using wheat flour as a replacement for cornstarch, remember to keep in mind that while cornstarch will give the recipe that it’s thickening a glossy shine, flour won’t have the same effect, but instead will result in a final product that’s more matte.
For every 1 tablespoon of cornstarch, you’ll need to use about 3 tablespoons of flour. Also, it is worth mentioning that you will need to cook the recipe that you’re thickening for a few minutes longer to ensure that your dish doesn’t contain the raw flavor of the flour.
A good alternative to cornstarch is also rice flour! Rice flour is an incredibly versatile form of flour made from finely milled rice. It is a common ingredient that is effectively used to thicken both sweet and savory sauces and is often found in Asian dishes.
Rice flour is distinct from rice starch, which is typically made by steeping rice in lye. Generally speaking, rice flour is colorless when mixed with water, so it can be particularly handy to have at your disposal when it comes to thickening clear liquids and recipes.
Rice flour is gluten-free and is easily available and affordable! Unlike a lot of gluten-free products, rice flour is relatively affordable, making it an excellent essential for your kitchen cupboard or pantry. As a substitute for cornstarch, it certainly won’t be breaking the bank which means you won’t feel bad for replacing it!
As a common substitute for wheat flour, rice flour acts as a good thickener as wheat flour does, so be sure to use the same proportion as our last suggestion: 3 tablespoons for every 1 tablespoon of cornstarch.
Another excellent alternative to cornstarch is potato starch! Potato starch is the starch found in potatoes and is a refined starch, meaning that it’s high in carbs and contains very little fat or protein. As a thickening agent, potato starch is known for its neutral taste, good clarity, and high binding strength.
Similar to other tuber and root starches, potato starch has little to no flavor, meaning that its bland taste won’t add any unwanted flavor to your recipes.
For anyone trying to avoid gluten, it is important to note that one of the health benefits of potato starch is the fact that it is naturally gluten-free, unlike many flours that typically contain gluten.
When it comes to adding potato starch to your recipe, you should use the same amount of potato starch as you would of corn starch. This 1:1 ratio simply means that if your recipe requires 1 tablespoon of cornstarch, simply swap that out for 1 tablespoon of potato starch.
You should always be careful to whisk the potato starch thoroughly, as it tends to clump up more than cornstarch and you don’t want it to be lumpy in your recipe.
Arrowroot is a tropical tuber native to Indonesia. The powder is obtained from the rhizomes (rootstock) of several tropical plants, traditionally Maranta arundinacea, and can be used in a variety of dishes in lieu of cornstarch.
As arrowroot is gluten-free and grain-free, it is another great alternative for celiacs or people with gluten intolerances as well as being paleo-friendly. Similar to the majority of gluten-free and paleo flours, arrowroot powder isn’t generally used on a 1:1 ratio of the cornstarch or ingredient that it is replacing.
Therefore, when you’re using it as a cornstarch substitute, you should aim to start with 1/3 to 1/2 the amount of cornstarch that the recipe requires.
Whereas cornstarch has a slight taste and generally leaves food cloudy and opaque, arrowroot powder has no taste and leaves food glossy and clear. This means that it won’t alter the taste or look of your recipe!
It is important to remember two factors when using arrowroot powder as a thickener.
Firstly, always make a slurry first. Stir the arrowroot powder with a small amount of cold liquid first to ensure that there are no lumps, before adding it to your recipe.
When cooking your recipe, always make sure that you add the slurry at the very end of the recipe. You don’t really want to cook with arrowroot as it will break down at higher temperatures, so stir it in right before you serve it.
Tapioca flour is a great alternative to cornstarch. Tapioca is a starch extracted from the storage roots of cassava, a species of plant native to the north region and central-west region of Brazil but is commonly found throughout South America.
Tapioca flour is made by grinding cassava roots to a pulp and filtering out their starch-rich liquid, which can then be dried into tapioca flour!
However, although cassava is an edible tuberous root, it often contains cyanogenic glycosides, which can result in fatal cyanide poisoning. As a result, the cassava plant must be properly detoxified by soaking, drying, and scraping before it is safe to consume.
Tapioca gives a gorgeous, shiny finish to any dish, unlike standard flour which tends to be more matte. Using tapioca flour can also save a lot of energy, given that it can gel with your dish at relatively lower temperatures.
This substitute for cornstarch is an excellent choice for dishes that require chilling, unlike cornstarch which tends to coagulate when it has been refrigerated. It is also important to note that tapioca flour does not benefit from being cooked for long periods of time, and can be overcooked easily if you’re not careful.
Glucomannan is a natural, water-soluble dietary fiber extracted from the roots of the elephant yam, also known as konjac.
Glucomannan is an excellent substitute for cornstarch, especially when you’re making sweet recipes like smooth, delicious custards, pies, as well as gravies, and condiments. However, as it is flavorless and doesn’t contain sugar, it also contributes well to savory recipes, too.
Glucomannan is very rich in soluble fiber. Long used in traditional Chinese medicine, glucomannan is now sold as a dietary supplement and is frequently used to aid weight loss as it contains low calories and carbs. This makes it an incredibly popular substitute for cornstarch for individuals that are watching their weight or are following a low-carb diet.
There are many health benefits thought to be associated with glucomannan. Soluble fiber of any sort can help maintain or improve digestion. Glucomannan works by building bulk in the intestines. This not only helps relieve constipation, but it can also slow the absorption of sugar and cholesterol from the gut. It has been suggested that glucomannan may help keep cholesterol levels in check.
It is important to note that glucomannan thickens at quite low temperatures, so mix it with a little splash of cold water before you combine it with your dish in order to prevent it from clumping together when it hits the hot dish that you’re making.
The majority of people use around a quarter of a teaspoon of glucomannan for every 2 teaspoons of cornstarch.
Ground flaxseeds are known to be a good substitute for cornstarch, as they are very absorbent and form a jelly when mixed with water. As a superfood that is plant-based, flaxseeds provide healthy fats, antioxidants, and are a great source of fiber to incorporate into your diet.
Known as a functional food, people tend to eat flaxseeds to boost their health. There are multiple health benefits seen to be associated with eating flaxseeds.
For instance, flaxseed is a good source of lignans, which appear to have antioxidant properties. Alongside this, it is thought that flaxseed contains omega-3 fatty acids, which can help prevent heart disease and lower blood pressure, too.
However, the consistency and texture of flaxseed can be on the gritty side, unlike cornstarch, which is generally smooth in texture. That being said, flaxseed can increase the fiber content of your dish!
When it comes to you thickening a dish, you should try substituting cornstarch by mixing 1 tablespoon ground flaxseeds with 3-4 tablespoons water. This should replace around 2 tablespoons of cornstarch, but you may have to experiment with it to get the perfect consistency.
After all, trial and error is a big part of experimenting with new ingredients in the kitchen!
Water chestnut flour
Another excellent alternative to cornstarch is water chestnut flour! Water chestnut flour is made from dried, ground water chestnuts.
It is worth noting that water chestnut flour is not to be confused with chestnut flour, which is alternatively made from chestnuts and is good for providing recipes with an earthy, nutty flavor.
The process of making water chestnut flour includes boiling, peeling, and then grinding the nuts into flour. Its primary use is as a thickening agent and to make a batter for deep frying in Indian and Asian cuisine, including recipes that use proteins such as chicken and prawns.
As well as being a thickener, water chestnut flour can then be used to prepare different types of bread, cakes, pancakes, and pasta dishes!
As a substitute for cornstarch, water chestnut flour can also be used to add body to condiments. It usually gives a smooth, glossy finish to your dish, although you will need to take extra care when it comes to stirring this alternative through your dish.
To prevent there being lumps, make sure that you whisk the water chestnut flour with a bit of water before adding it to your dish. An equal amount of water to chestnut flour is recommended to use a thickening alternative for cornstarch, especially when it comes to making Asian recipes.
A great alternative to cornstarch is xanthan gum, which is a vegetable gum made by fermenting sugar with a bacteria known as Xanthomonas campestris.
A very small amount of xanthan gum is recommended to use as an effective thickening agent and stabilizer to prevent ingredients from separating and is perfect for making sauces to save you time when it comes to reducing a dish.
It is worth noting that xanthan gum can cause digestive problems when used in large quantities, however, as a thickening agent, there is little risk that you’ll be adding a large amount to your food anyway.
Frequently Asked Questions
What can I use if I don’t have cornstarch?
Cornstarch is used a lot in baking. With that being said though, you may not always have access to cornstarch in your home. So, what can you use if you don’t have cornstarch?
One option is wheat flour. This is a good choice since it contains protein and fiber, but you are going to need to put more wheat flour into the dish in order to get the same kind of results. You can also use ingredients like arrowroot, potato starch, rice flour, tapioca and ground flax seeds.
Of course, you will need to check the equivalent measurements before putting these ingredients into your recipe, just to ensure that you don’t drastically alter the taste because you’ve used too much of a certain ingredient.
Can I use baking powder instead of cornstarch?
Baking powder is a common ingredient in many homes, but is it a good idea to use it instead of cornstarch? Generally, the answer is no. It’s not a very good idea to use baking powder or baking soda instead of cornstarch.
The problem is that baking powder can add a totally different flavor to the dish than cornstarch, and this can make the dish taste different. Both of these ingredients also feature certain chemical properties, which is partially why they are leavening agents.
It may not taste very good if you put baking powder into a sauce or a soup. It’s usually better to use something else instead, such as a water and flour mixture or something else that doesn’t drastically alter the taste of the dish.
Can I use all-purpose flour instead of cornstarch?
If you don’t have any cornstarch in your kitchen or if you are allergic to the ingredient, it’s important to find an alternative to cornstarch. What better than one of the most common items in any kitchen – all purpose flour!
All purpose flour will perform basically the same job as corn starch. There will be differences, of course, so it’s worth keeping that in mind. Otherwise, it’s a fantastic alternative to cornstarch. Ift is worth noting though that all purpose doesn’t have as much thickening power as cornstarch.
For this reason, it’s important to substitute around two tablespoons of all purpose flour for each tablespoon of cornstarch that the recipe calls for. You can also use other things like potato starch or arrowroot powder instead of cornstarch, if you so desire.
Can I use flour instead of cornstarch for frying?
You can use cornstarch when frying objects in a pan or when you are deep frying. It’s great for keeping the texture inside of the thing that you are frying. You may not have cornstarch though. If this is the case, you can use things like all purpose flour instead.
It’s possible to use rice flour or potato flour too, so you certainly have plenty of options. Using these options may make the food taste a tiny bit different, but this can often be a good thing.
It depends on the sort of taste and texture that you are looking to achieve, so you should keep this in mind before you start to prepare the dish. Again, if you are going to use flour instead of cornstarch, you will need around two tablespoons of it for every one tablespoon of cornstarch that the recipe calls for.
There are many thickening agents out there that work just as well as cornstarch for thickening stews, sauces, pie fillings and more! You’re not limited to just one ingredient to achieve the same or similar results.
Next time you go to cook a recipe, do not be alarmed if you find yourself in a situation whereby you don’t have enough cornstarch in your pantry. If you’re looking for a cornstarch substitute you can also try corn flour, cake flour, tapioca starch, baking powder, pastry flour, guar gum, arrowroot flour, potato flour, or baking soda as starch thickener.
Experiment and have fun with some of our suggestions!
Cornstarch Substitutes in Your Kitchen
These options are sure to be a hit. So, gather your family and friends and enjoy. Let us know your thoughts!
4.84 from 6 votes
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Total Time 4 mins
Calories 133 kcal
- Wheat flour
- Rice flour
- Potato starch
- Tapioca flour
- Ground flaxseeds
- Water chestnut flour
- Xanthan gum
Try our kitchen tested cornstarch substitutes.
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Cassie brings decades of experience to the Kitchen Community. She is a noted chef and avid gardener. Her new book "Healthy Eating Through the Garden" will be released shortly. When not writing or speaking about food and gardens Cassie can be found puttering around farmer's markets and greenhouses looking for the next great idea.
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What substitute will you use if cornstarch is not available in the kitchen but you needed it badly for your cooking? ›
Although it won't produce the same glossy shine as cornstarch, it'll get the job done in a pinch. All-purpose flour contains about half the thickening power of cornstarch, so for every tablespoon of cornstarch required, you'll need to substitute two tablespoons of all-purpose flour.
It's easy to substitute cornstarch for flour when your recipe calls for a thickener (as in gravy, sauce or pie) or a coating for fried foods. Whether you simply don't have flour on hand or you are looking for gluten-free alternatives, cornstarch has a very similar effect in these cooking applications.Can I use baking powder instead of cornstarch? ›
It's not recommended to use baking powder or baking soda as a substitute for cornstarch. Baking soda adds a particular flavour and both of them have specific chemical properties which is why they act as leavening agents. To use them in soups or sauces may not yield the results you want.How do you make something crispy without cornstarch? ›
If you don't have cornstarch, you can substitute all-purpose flour in favor for a more routine breading and frying procedure. You can also use rice flour or potato flour, which are commonly used for tempura, and this will create a similar lacy, crunchy texture.Can I leave cornstarch out of a recipe? ›
It can be replaced with flour, arrowroot, potato starch, tapioca, and even instant mashed potato granules. The ingredient you are most likely to have on hand, of course, is flour, so we'll start with that. When you want 1 cup of liquid to be fairly thick, it takes 1 tablespoon of cornstarch.What is the most common cornstarch substitute? ›
- All-Purpose Flour. One of the most common substitutes for cornstarch is another pantry staple: plain all-purpose flour. ...
- Potato Starch. ...
- Rice Flour. ...
- Tapioca Starch. ...
- Arrowroot Powder. ...
- Xanthan Gum. ...
- Psyllium Husk.
Easy-to-access alternatives are wheat flour, arrowroot flour, and rice flour. These are good alternatives to cornstarch because they are more nutritious and contain fewer carbohydrates and calories. Xanthan and guar gum are much stronger thickeners than cornstarch, but they can be harder to obtain and use.Can you thicken without cornstarch? ›
All-purpose flour: You can thicken sauces with all-purpose wheat flour. For every tablespoon of cornstarch, use three tablespoons of flour. Combine raw flour with cold water in a small bowl to form a paste, then add it into the sauce as it's simmering. Cooking the flour in the sauce will remove the flour taste.What does cornstarch do in baking? ›
Here's how it works: when cornstarch is added to a recipe, the starch molecules work to absorb water and thicken the mixture. When heated, those molecules swell and consume even more of the liquid in the recipe. Upon thoroughly cooking, the starch in the mix will have expanded six to ten times its size.What flour makes things crispy? ›
Rice flour and cornstarch work particularly well because they fry up crispier than wheat flour. They also absorb less moisture and fat during the frying process, making the products less greasy. This is why rice flour is often used when making tempura because it produces a very thin and crispy, dry crust.
What ingredient makes food crispy? ›
Cornstarch is frequently added to foods to give them an extra bit of crispiness, but for some reason it's not commonly included in roasted vegetable recipes. Once you try the cornstarch method, you'll wonder how you ever lived without it.How to make homemade cornstarch? ›
How do you make cornstarch homemade? Cornstarch is a powder made from corn or maize. It's used in cooking, baking, and other culinary applications. The process of making Cornstarch is simple: you just need to grind up corn kernels until they turn into a fine powder.What is the best substitute if the cornstarch is not available? ›
The easiest substitute for cornstarch is all-purpose flour. Flour is used as a thickener in many of the same recipes that cornstarch is used for. The great thing about this option is that most people already have flour on hand.Is cornstarch and flour the same thing? ›
Cornstarch is a gluten-free, all-starch powder that is always made of the endosperm of the corn kernel. Flour can be made from any kind of grain (including corn) but all-purpose flour is made of wheat (which contains gluten) and is used as the base for most baked goods.Is cornstarch just like baking soda? ›
Baking soda is a type of salt that acts as a leavening agent. Baking soda has an alkaline ph and tastes very salty when added to food. Cornstarch is made from a corn kernel. It is mainly used as a thickening agent in food.What happens if you forgot cornstarch? ›
Tapioca, Arrowroot, or Potato Starch
Potato starch is good for high-heat cooking. Use two tablespoons of tapioca starch for one tablespoon of cornstarch. Use an equal amount of arrowroot or potato starch for cornstarch.
If you don't have cornstarch that you can use to make cookies, then you can try using substitute ingredients. There are many options such as using flour, rice flour, tapioca flour, xanthan gum, glucomannan, and many other ingredients. Consider all of the different options and then make a choice that works for you.What can I use to thicken a sauce? ›
Use one tablespoon cornstarch mixed with one tablespoon cold water (aka a cornstarch slurry) for each cup of medium-thick sauce. thoroughly mix the cornstarch and water together, then pour into your sauce. Cook and stir over medium heat until thickened and bubbly.What can I use instead of cornstarch for stir fry? ›
But you're in luck—arrowroot is an ideal substitute for cornstarch in stir-fries. Look for it in the same aisle where the cornstarch is located in your grocery store. Arrowroot and cornstarch have similar thickening capabilities. Generally, add 2-3 teaspoons to a cup of liquid for a medium-thick sauce.What is the best thickening agent for soup? ›
Cornstarch. Cornstarch is a very effective thickener, and a little bit can go a long way. Add cornstarch to a small amount of cold water or other liquid (wine or stock) and whisk into a thick slurry. Then the slurry can be stirred into a simmering soup, a bit at a time to set the final consistency.
How do you thicken sauce with flour? ›
A general ratio to work with is 2 tablespoons flour for every cup of liquid. Start by adding a little bit, then cook, stirring, for a few minutes to allow the sauce time to thicken and cook off the raw flour taste; if the results are minimal, add more.
You can use tapioca flour for the same purpose. Boil tapioca powder in some water till it turns clear. Use this to starch your clothes.Does butter thicken sauce? ›
Butter does not provide any thickening to a sauce, since it is made of just fat and water. But a chunk of butter, salted or unsalted, swirled into a sauce at the end, can temporarily emulsify a sauce, while adding richness and sheen, all of which are good things.Is flour better than cornstarch for thickening? ›
Because cornstarch is pure starch, it has twice the thickening power of flour, which is only part starch. Thus, twice as much flour is needed to achieve the same thickening as cornstarch. To thicken sauces, cornstarch is combined with cold water first, which is called a slurry.How can I thicken sauce without flour or corn flour? ›
Puree some vegetables. Starchy vegetables—like potatoes, winter squash or celeriac—are excellent thickening agents, especially if they've been pureed. Simply roast or boil these vegetables and pop them into the food processor until smooth. Then, stir it into the sauce, and voila: It will instantly be thicker!Can I skip cornstarch in baking? ›
This means it's possible to swap your cornstarch for flour, but you will need more of it to get the same effect. In general, it's recommended that you use twice as much white flour as cornstarch for thickening purposes. So if you need 1 tablespoon of cornstarch, use 2 tablespoons of white flour.Does cornstarch make food taste different? ›
Cornstarch is mostly flavorless and is used to perform a job (thicken a mixture) and not to add taste. Cornmeal and corn flour both have an earthy and sweet taste that is easily detectable in food. Corn flour can be used in addition to or as a substitute for wheat flour in baking.What makes cookies fluffy? ›
Room temperature butter is just the right consistency to incorporate air when it's creamed with sugar. These trapped air pockets result in risen, fluffy cookies. If the butter is any warmer, it won't incorporate enough air and your cookies will have less rise.What will use if cornstarch is not available? ›
Some tips: Use two tablespoons of flour for every tablespoon of cornstarch. If making a pan sauce, cook the flour in a bit of fat first—you can make this as toasty and caramelized as you want—or boil the sauce for a few minutes to get rid of the “raw flour” taste and texture.
We studied a number of different ingredients that work as a substitute for cornstarch, including all-purpose flour, rice flour, arrowroot powder, potato starch, and tapioca starch. Find out which is best for your recipe and the right ratio for a seamless substitution.
How do you thicken food without cornstarch? ›
All-purpose flour: You can thicken sauces with all-purpose wheat flour. For every tablespoon of cornstarch, use three tablespoons of flour. Combine raw flour with cold water in a small bowl to form a paste, then add it into the sauce as it's simmering. Cooking the flour in the sauce will remove the flour taste.How to make cornstarch at home? ›
How do you make cornstarch homemade? Cornstarch is a powder made from corn or maize. It's used in cooking, baking, and other culinary applications. The process of making Cornstarch is simple: you just need to grind up corn kernels until they turn into a fine powder.Can you use flour instead of cornstarch for gravy? ›
If you need to substitute cornstarch in a gravy recipe that calls for ¼ cup (four tablespoons) flour, you would only need to use two tablespoons cornstarch. If you're substituting flour for cornstarch to thicken the sauce in your recipe, substitute two tablespoons all-purpose flour for every one tablespoon cornstarch.What is cornstarch vs flour? ›
Cornstarch is a gluten-free, all-starch powder that is always made of the endosperm of the corn kernel. Flour can be made from any kind of grain (including corn) but all-purpose flour is made of wheat (which contains gluten) and is used as the base for most baked goods.Can I use cream of tartar instead of cornstarch? ›
Can I use corn starch or baking powder instead of cream of tartar? Cornstarch is totally out of the question. Baking powder (or baking soda) can be used but results may vary.Can I use cornmeal instead of cornstarch? ›
Although they come from the same plant, cornmeal and cornstarch have distinct properties and purposes in the kitchen, so you unfortunately can't substitute cornmeal for cornstarch.How to make a slurry without cornstarch? ›
Using Flour Instead
You'll still want to make a slurry: The ratio is two tablespoons of flour and 1/4 cup of cold water for each cup of liquid. Once you add the slurry to the hot sauce, stir until the mixture turns thick and bubbly.
Puree some vegetables. Starchy vegetables—like potatoes, winter squash or celeriac—are excellent thickening agents, especially if they've been pureed. Simply roast or boil these vegetables and pop them into the food processor until smooth. Then, stir it into the sauce, and voila: It will instantly be thicker!How can I thicken liquids without thickener? ›
- Banana flakes.
- Cooked cereals (like cream of wheat or cream of rice)
- Custard mix.
- Instant potato flakes.
The most readily available sauce-thickener is flour. For a too-thin sauce, try adding a slurry (equal parts flour and water, whisked together) or beurre manie (equal parts softened butter and flour, kneaded together to form a paste)—both are ideal thickeners for rich and creamy sauces, such as steak sauce recipes.